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Driving PA Forward

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection





Cleaner Technologies for Cleaner Air

Reducing emissions from diesel engines is one of the most significant air quality challenges facing the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

To help Pennsylvania meet its diesel emissions reduction goals, the Wolf Administration has developed new grant and rebate programs to improve air quality in Pennsylvania and drive transformation from older, polluting diesel engines to clean technologies.

New engine technologies like electric, compressed natural gas, propane, and clean diesel can significantly reduce pollutants from freight and delivery trucks, transit and school buses, cargo handling equipment, ocean going vessels in port, forklifts, tugs, and freight switchers that rely on older diesel technology.

“Clean air is the cornerstone of a clean, healthy environment,” said Governor Tom Wolf as he announced the roll out of the new programs. “When Volkswagen cheated on its emissions equipment, it undermined that cornerstone. Through our new Driving PA Forward initiative, we will begin to remedy that by driving the transition towards advanced zero-emission and low-emission vehicles and accelerating the build-out of infrastructure necessary to support the next generation of transportation options.”






Driving PA Forward Goals





According to the Environment Protection Agency's (EPA) 2014 National Emissions Inventory, mobile sources (transportation) account for most of the NOx (oxides of nitrogen) emissions in Pennsylvania (47%). NOx is a precursor in the formation of ground level ozone and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). At elevated levels, ground level ozone and PM2.5 can adversely affect the environment and human health.



NOx Emissions NOx Emissions in PA - 2014








Health effects include premature death in people with heart or lung disease, nonfatal heart attacks, aggravated asthma, and increased respiratory symptoms, such as irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing. At elevated levels, these pollutants damage vegetation, the diversity of ecosystems and building facades and monuments.








The goal of the Governor’s initiative is to permanently reduce NOx emissions by as much as 27,700 tons. Of the mobile source NOx emissions, diesel sources, including aviation, marine, and rail sources, account for approximately 61% of the emissions.



NOx Emissions Mobile NOx Emissions in PA - 2014






Health Benefits





The transportation sector accounts for over 55% of total oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions in the United States. When NOx and volatile organic compounds combine in the presence of sunlight, ground level ozone is formed. Emissions of NOx can also act as precursors to the formation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Both ozone and PM2.5 pose significant risk to the health of the public and the welfare of the environment.

Breathing ozone can create a variety of health problems, especially for children, the elderly, and others with lung diseases such as asthma. Air containing ozone also affects people who are active outdoors, particularly those that work outside. Breathing ozone can cause chest pain, coughing, throat irritation, shortness of breath, and can reduce lung function and harm lung tissue. It can worsen bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema, and make the lungs more susceptible to infection. This leads to increased medical care, missed work and school, and the need for medication. For more information, see: EPA’s Health Effects of Ozone Pollution. For information on ozone nonattainment or maintenance areas in Pennsylvania, see EPA's Nonattainment for Criteria Pollutants (Green Book).

Exposure to PM2.5 can also create health problems, particularly for people with heart or lung disease, children, and older adults. Some impacts of PM2.5 exposure include premature death in people with heart or lung disease, nonfatal heart attacks, irregular heartbeat, aggravated asthma, decreased lung function, and increased respiratory symptoms such as irritation of airways, coughing, or difficulty breathing. For more information, see EPA's Health and Environmental Effects of Particulate Matter (PM). For information on PM2.5 nonattainment or maintenance areas in or maintenance areas in Pennsylvania, see EPA's Nonattainment for Criteria Pollutants (Green Book).

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Health’s 2015 Asthma Prevalence Report, in their lifetime, one out of every nine adult Pennsylvanians has been diagnosed with asthma. In 2010, the total costs of asthma were estimated to be $181 million, and are projected to be $2.6 billion by 2020 across the state.

  • There are estimated to be 382,146 children in Pennsylvania with lifetime asthma.
  • One out of every eight women have asthma.
  • Those with incomes less than $15,000 annually have the highest prevalence of asthma.

Asthma Chart Children's Asthma Chart




Diesel Programs







Over $118 million from the Volkswagen mitigation trust has been set aside for certain transportation related projects that reduce NOx emissions from diesel engines.



ELIGIBLE PROJECT CATEGORIES
  • Class 8 Local Freight Truck or Transit Bus
  • Class 4-7 Truck or Class 4-8 School Bus or Shuttle Bus
  • Forklift, Airport Ground Support Equipment or Port Cargo Handling Equipment
  • Ferry, Tug, or Freight Switcher
  • Clean Diesel
  • Electric Vehicle Fast Charging or Hydrogen Fuel Cell Equipment
  • Level 2 (Light Duty) Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment
  • Ocean Going Vessel Shore Power
Driving PA Forward Diesel Programs Driving PA Forward Diesel Programs







READ THE FULL PLAN

This Beneficiary Mitigation Plan for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (Commonwealth or Pennsylvania) summarizes how Pennsylvania plans to use the funds allocated to it under the Environmental Mitigation Trust Agreement for State Beneficiaries (State Trust Agreement), in the case, In Re: Volkswagen "Clean Diesel" Marketing, Sales Practices, and Products Liability Litigation.



Beneficiary Mitigation Plan DEP Beneficiary Mitigation Plan





Types of Projects




Heavy Duty Trucks and Transit Buses

Approximately $16 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a competitive grant program for class 8 local freight truck and transit bus repowers and replacements. Replacing or repowering vehicles containing older diesel engines with new technology can reduce emissions by up to 90%.


Model Years 1992 - 2009 Class 8 Local Freight Trucks and
Model Year 2009 and older Transit Buses will be eligible for:

  • Repower with new diesel, electric or alternative fuel
  • Replacement with new diesel, electric or alternative fuel

Projects will be scored and prioritized on the following criteria:

  • Location - with priority for areas that experience high pollution levels
  • Total NOx reductions
  • Size of fleet
  • Match contributions
  • Cost effectiveness

Heavy Duty Truck and Transit Buses Transit Bus

Vehicles or engines being replaced or repowered must be scrapped in accordance with program guidelines. Maximum reimbursement rates will be defined in program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Summer 2018. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.








Medium Duty Trucks, Port Drayage Trucks, School Buses and Shuttle Buses

Approximately $30 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund rebates for class 4-7 local freight trucks, port drayage trucks, and class 4 – 8 school buses, and shuttle buses. Replacing or repowering vehicles containing older diesel engines with new technology can reduce emissions by up to 90%.


Trucks
Model Years 1992 - 2009 Class 4-7 trucks and Port Drayage trucks are eligible for rebates for:

  • Repower with new diesel, electric or alternative fuel
  • Replacement with new diesel, electric or alternative fuel

Buses
Model Years 2009 or older Class 4-8 School Buses and Shuttle Buses are eligible for rebates for:

  • Repower with new diesel, electric or alternative fuel
  • Replacement with new diesel, electric or alternative fuel

Medium Duty Truck Buses School Bus

Vehicles or engines being replaced or repowered must be scrapped in accordance with program guidelines. All rebate-funded projects must be approved in advance by DEP. Complete applications that meet eligibility criteria will receive approval to proceed with their project on a first come, first served basis. Maximum rebates amounts will be defined in program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Summer 2018. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.









Ocean Going Vessel Shore Power Systems

Approximately $6 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a competitive grant program to supply ocean going vessels with electric shore power. Keeping vessel main and auxiliary engines off while in port significantly reduces emissions.


Systems eligible for reimbursement include:

  • Cables and cable management systems
  • Shore power couplers systems
  • Distribution control systems
  • Power distribution

Projects will be scored and prioritized on the following criteria:

  • Location - with priority for areas that experience high pollution levels
  • Total NOx reductions
  • Match contributions
  • Cost effectiveness

Ocean Going Vessels Shore Power Systems Ocean Vessel

Systems must comply with specific design standards and be supplied by a local grid and meet all program guidelines. Maximum reimbursement rates will be defined in program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Summer 2018 with rolling reviews. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.








Forklifts, Airport Ground Support Equipment and Port Cargo Handling Equipment

Approximately $6 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a competitive grant program for forklifts, airport ground support equipment (GSE) and port cargo handling equipment. Transitioning to electric equipment can reduce maintenance costs as well as improve air quality.


The following are eligible for repowers or replacements with full-electric only.

  • Forklifts
    • Forklifts with greater than 8,000 pound lift capacity
  • Airport GSE
    • Diesel-powered Tier 0-2 airport GSE or spark ignition engine-powered airport GSE uncertified or certified to 3 g/bhp-hr standard are eligible to apply for grant funding.
  • Port Cargo Equipment
    • Port cargo equipment (gantry cranes, straddle carriers, shuttle carriers, and terminal tractors) are eligible to apply for grant funding.

Projects will be scored and prioritized on the following criteria:

  • Location - with priority for areas that experience high pollution levels
  • Total NOx reductions
  • Match contributions
  • Cost effectiveness

Forklifts





Port Cargo

Vehicles or engines being replaced or repowered must be scrapped in accordance with program guidelines. Maximum reimbursement rates will be defined in program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Fall 2018. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.








Ferries, Tugs, and Freight Switchers

Approximately $34 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a competitive grant program for ferries, tugs, and freight switchers. Large reductions in NOx emissions will occur in this category by repowering or replacing older diesel engines with new technology.


Ferries and Tugs

  • Unregulated, Tier 1, or Tier 2 ferries or tugs are eligible to apply for grant funding for:
    • Repower with new diesel, electric, or alternative fuel
    • Replacement with new diesel, electric, or alternative fuel

Freight Switchers

  • Pre-Tier 4 freight switchers that operate at least 1,000 hours per year are eligible for grant funding for:
    • Repower with new diesel, electric, or alternative fuel
    • Replacement with new diesel, electric, or alternative fuel

Projects will be scored and prioritized on the following criteria:

  • Location - with priority for areas that experience high pollution levels
  • Total NOx reductions
  • Size of fleet
  • Match contributions
  • Cost effectiveness








Ferries Port Cargo

Vehicles or engines being replaced or repowered must be scrapped in accordance with program guidelines. Maximum reimbursement rates will be defined in program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Fall 2018. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.








Clean Diesel

The Pennsylvania State Clean Diesel Grant Program is a competitive grant program for a wide variety of diesel emission reduction projects. This program is primarily funded through an allocation from the Diesel Emission Reduction Act (DERA) disbursed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Approximately $9 million is being allocated to be used as match funding for the program, making Pennsylvania eligible for additional federal DERA funds.


Emission Reduction Technologies include, but are not limited to:

  • Exhaust controls
  • Engine upgrades
  • Engine and vehicle replacement
  • Idle reduction technologies
  • Aerodynamic technologies

DERA DERA


Vehicles or engines being replaced or repowered must be scrapped in accordance with program guidelines. This program opens for applications on May 19, 2018.

Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.

Maximum Reimbursement Rates
Project Type DEP Cost-Share Applicant Mandatory Cost Share Restrictions
Verified Exhaust Controls 100% 0%
Engine Upgrades/ Remanufacture - Locomotives, Marine, or Nonroad 40% 60%
Idle Reduction - Locomotives 40% 60%
Idle Reduction - Marine Shore Power 25% 75%
Idle Reduction - Truck Stop Electrification/ Electrified Parking Spaces 30% 70%
Idle Reduction - Highway Vehicles 25% 75% Class 8 long-haul trucks and school buses only.
Verified Aerodynamic Technologies and Verified Low Rolling Resistance Tires 100% 0% Only if combined on same vehicle with new installation of one or more Verified Exhaust Controls.
Certified Engine Replacement - Diesel or Alt Fuel 40% 60%
Certified Engine Replacement - Electric 60% 40%
Certified Engine Replacement - Low NOx 50% 50%
Certified Vehicle/Equipment Replacement - Locomotive and Nonroad 25% 75%
Certified Vehicle/Equipment Replacement - Highway and Buses 25% 75%
Certified Vehicle/Equipment Replacement - Low NOx 35% 65%
Certified Vehicle/Equipment Replacement - Electric 45% 55%
Certified Vehicle/Equipment Replacement - Drayage 50% 50%







Electric Vehicle Fast Charging or Hydrogen Fuel Cell Equipment

Approximately $10 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a competitive grant program for acquisition, installation, operation and maintenance of electric vehicle (EV) fast charging equipment and hydrogen fuel cell vehicle supply equipment.

This grant program is designed to assist with the installation or expansion of strategically significant zero emission vehicle (ZEV) fueling projects.


EV Fast chargers must be installed in:

  • Public place
  • Work place
  • Multi-unit dwelling

Hydrogen Fuel Cell must be installed in a place available to the public.

Projects will be scored and prioritized on the following criteria:

  • Strategic Location – with priority for areas that experience high pollution levels
  • Contribution to existing or planned fueling networks
  • Expected usage levels
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Match contributions
  • Technical viability



ElectricVehicle Electric Vehicle

Additional consideration may be given to projects that complement an on-road or non-road vehicle project implemented under the other VW Settlement Programs. Grant reimbursement amounts will be defined in the program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Summer 2018 with rolling reviews. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.








Level 2 Light-Duty Electric Vehicle Charging Equipment

Approximately $7.7 million is being allocated over a 5-year period to fund a rebate program for the installation of level 2 electric vehicle (EV) charging equipment.


Rebates will be provided for Level 2 EV charging equipment for:

  • Public use at government owned property
  • Public use at non-government owned property
  • Non-public use at work places
  • Non-public use at multi-unit dwellings

Level2 Level 2


PA organizations that submit complete and eligible applications will be provided rebate vouchers on a first come, first served basis. All projects for which a rebate is requested must be approved in advance by DEP. Complete applications that meet eligibility criteria will receive a voucher to hold their rebate funding for their project on a first come, first served basis.

Maximum reimbursement rates will be defined in program guidelines.

This program is currently closed, but is anticipated to open in Summer 2018 with rolling reviews. Please sign up here to be added to our Driving Pennsylvania Forward Newsletter distribution list.